Best Abstract recognized by WHO among the student abstract in GEENPAHH 2019 which is to be published in the WHO magzine.

Researcher :

Inam Sapkota

          Indermeet Singh Bakshi 

 Pragesh Singh

 Shivangi Pal

Shivani Garg

Presentation Title : “ Environmental factor associated with pre-term birth in the women of North India and central Nepal”

Research Focus : Environmental factor and its role in preterm birth delivery.

Conclusion : Some of these risk factors are “Modifiable”, meaning they can be changed to help reduce the risk. Other factors cannot be changed.

Student level : Bachelors Presentation Type : oral

Abstract:

The purpose of this report is to assess the current state of knowledge on the causes of preterm births, to address the health, social-emotional and economic consequences of preterm birth.

Preterm birth is defined as the delivery of live infant before thirty-seven completed weeks of gestation period in humans. The research findings demonstrate an association between maternal health and behaviours prior to pregnancy with preterm birth among south Asian women of central Nepal and North India. Providing access to health care prior to pregnancy to address behavioural and health risks may improve pregnancy outcomes among the women of this region. Preterm birth is a significant public health concern and a leading cause of infant mortality worldwide and often contributes to various health complication later in life. More than 25% of Pre-term birth occurs in south Asia only. We have analyzed 184 samples collected from All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) New-Delhi, Institute of Medicine (IOM) Kathmandu, Bhanaras Hindu University (BHU) Varanasi, and Chitwan Medical College (CMC) Chitwan from March 2018 to January 2019. Several factors such as emotional, stress, social, racial, maternal anxiety, multiple pregnancies, infections during pregnancy, diabetes, high blood pressure, Food and Nutrition, Pre-natal vitamins, lack of visit to doctor, less pregnancy gap, early age pregnancy and in-vitro fertilization have been shown to be major cause of preterm birth. 34% of the women in this cohort accepted that they were pregnant for the first time before the age of 20 while 29.347% of the women were obese. 89.13% of the child were born with low birth weight. We made comparative case study in various different aspects to find out the problem more deeply. For example, we made comparative case study of below poverty line (BPL) and above poverty line (APL) in order to check wether financial condition can be a factor or not. Similarly, to check weather smoking is a factor or not, we did comparative case study between the cases of smokers and non-smokers patient. The problem associated with “sex survival women” of Kolkata is entirely different with the problem of chepang women of chitwan. Ignorance is found to be the major cause of preterm birth in BPL patients of Uttar Pradesh. We analyzed the samples of various community based on their socio-economic, health facilities, nutritional status etc. Women who have opted in-vitro fertilization (IVF) technique for pregnancy record highest number of birth defects. 7.60% of the women accepted that they were the victim of domestic violence directly during pregnancy.

 

Research Scholars Abstract

Isolation, screening and characterization of PGPR isolated from rhizospheric soil

TegBahadur Singh*and Prem Kumar Dantu

Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Dayalbagh Agra

email: tegbahadursingh21@gmail.com

 

The present study was undertaken to isolate, characterize and identify potential Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) having multiple plant growth promoting traits. They may serve as partial replacements for chemical fertilizer and pesticides as an ecofriendly and cost effective alternatives. These PGPR promote plant growth by direct and indirect mode of action. PGPR directly enhance growth of plants by producing Phytohormone and phosphates solubilization. 160 Soil samples were collected from the rhizosphere of different crops and wild plant. 140 rhizobacterial strains were found positive for at least one plant growth promoting traits as phosphate solubilization, IAA production, siderophore production. 76 PGPR isolates were found positive for phosphate solubilization, 41 isolates were found positive for siderophore production and 42 isolates were found positive for IAA production. 13 more promising rhizobacterial isolates were analyzed for their PGP traits. On this basis, PGPR species can be selected as biofertilizers. Strain selection and characteristics of the PGPR cultures may be used in the production of biofertilizers, which can therefore lead to enhanced productivity of crops and maintaining ecological balance.

Keywords:Rhizobacteria, Phytohormone, Phosphates solubilization, siderophores